[9] It pursues this objective through five major program areas: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences, culture and communication/information. Livaneli said: "To pontificate on peace while remaining silent against such violations is a contradiction of the fundamental ideals of UNESCO. What is the meaning of UNESCO?  Trinidad and Tobago, Bangladesh We know 50 definitions for UNESCO abbreviation or acronym in 2 categories. This was the first and largest in a series of campaigns including Mohenjo-daro (Pakistan), Fes (Morocco), Kathmandu (Nepal), Borobudur (Indonesia) and the Acropolis (Greece). (UNESCO: Paris). So, what does UNESCO stand for?  Belize Theses logos are legally protected. The Great Wall of China, the Sydney Opera House and Jerusalem, to name a few, meet World Heritage Site classification criteria. UNESCO addresses these indirect consequences of poverty in several of its recent campaigns and goals.  China While some member countries within UNESCO attempted to push journalistic views antithetical to the values of the west, and engage in Israel bashing, UNESCO itself never adopted such radical postures. [33] In 1990, the World Conference on Education for All, in Jomtien, Thailand, launched a global movement to provide basic education for all children, youths and adults. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was the most recent proposal by UNESCO to counteract the repercussions of poverty in the global community.  Japan [172], UNESCO develops, maintains and disseminates, free of charge, two interrelated software packages for database management (CDS/ISIS [not to be confused with UK police software package ISIS]) and data mining/statistical analysis (IDAMS). UNESCO Stands For: All acronyms (50) Airports & Locations Business & Finance Common … World Conference on Education for All: Meeting Basic Education Needs. Paris, 18 November 1955. Egypt, Israel, and Madagascar are also vying for the position but have yet to express a direct or indirect proposal. The United States rejoined in 2003, followed by Singapore on 8 October 2007. [174], Specialised agency of the United Nations for education sciences, and culture, New World Information and Communication Order, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Please look for them carefully. [143] It was also rejected by the Czech Parliament which said the resolution reflects a "hateful anti-Israel sentiment",[144] and hundreds of Italian Jews demonstrated in Rome over Italy's abstention.  Haiti  Malawi 831-853 (23 pages) Cambridge University Press, Vincent Noice, "Unesco, stop citing 'bogus' $10bn figure, art trade pleads", The Art Newspaper, 12 November 2020, Nancy Kenney, "Unesco under fire for using Met objects in anti-trafficking campaign", The Art Newspaper, 13 November 2020, United Nations Economic and Social Council, International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation, United Nations Sustainable Development Group, United Nations Conference on International Organization, Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, European Organization for Nuclear Research, International Programme for the Development of Communication, UNESCO / Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize, Convention against Discrimination in Education, Education for All Global Monitoring Report, Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, International Decade for the Promotion of a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World, International Year for the Culture of Peace, UNESCO Collection of Representative Works, international non-governmental organizations, Co-ordinating Committee for International Voluntary Service, International Council for Philosophy and Humanistic Studies, International Association of Universities, International Council for Film, Television and Audiovisual Communication, International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education, International Council on Monuments and Sites, International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, World Federation of Engineering Organizations, UNESCO International Institute for Educational Planning, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development, UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training, International Centre for Theoretical Physics, L'Oréal-UNESCO Awards for Women in Science, UNESCO King Hamad Bin Isa Al-Khalifa Prize, Sultan Qaboos Prize for Environmental Preservation, UNESCO/Bilbao Prize for the Promotion of a Culture of Human Rights, UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize, UNESCO-Equatorial Guinea International Prize, International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust, International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development, International Day for Biological Diversity, World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought, International Day of the World's Indigenous People, International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition, International Day for the Universal Access to Information, International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, International Day to End Impunity for Crimes Against Journalists, International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, International Institute of Humanitarian Law, Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Anti-Semitism, Total Digital Access to the League of Nations Archives Project (LONTAD), UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists. [20] The Preparatory Commission operated between 16 November 1945, and 4 November 1946—the date when UNESCO's Constitution came into force with the deposit of the twentieth ratification by a member state.  Togo (Hansard, 26 January 1949), "United Nations Conference for the Establishment of an Educational and Cultural Organisation. (1949). [60] Two years after they stopped paying their dues to UNESCO, the US and Israel lost UNESCO voting rights in 2013 without losing the right to be elected; thus, the US was elected as a member of the Executive Board for the period 2016–19. Because of the interdisciplinary nature of the organization, UNESCO is able to effect change through a variety of platforms and to reach many populations. [39] Stands. UNESCO; UNESCO; UNESCO; UNESCO; Unesco Bulletin for Libraries; UNESCO Heritage Sites; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO International Centre for Engineering Education; UNESCO Klub Piran; Unesco National Education Support Strategy; UNESCO Venice Office; UNESCO World Cultural Heritage; UNESCO World Heritage; UNESCO World Heritage Site; UNESCO World Heritage Sites The fact is UNESCO is one of the least dangerous international institutions ever created. Its articles express the opinions of the authors which are not necessarily the opinions of UNESCO. Furthermore, GenISIS allows the user to produce HTML Web forms for CDS/ISIS database searching. It is an internet acronym. UNESCO and its mandate for international cooperation can be traced back to a League of Nations resolution on 21 September 1921, to elect a Commission to study the feasibility of having nations freely share of culture, education and scientific achievements. [148][149], In February 2011, an article was published in a Palestinian youth magazine in which a teenage girl described one of her four role-models as Adolf Hitler. General Conference, 17th Session. [21], The first General Conference took place from 19 November to 10 December 1946, and elected Dr. Julian Huxley to Director-General. UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training UN Campus Hermann-Ehlers-Str. Israel and the US were among the 14 votes against the membership out of 194 member countries. UNESCO's goals, strategies and activities are broad in scope, and include global initiatives such as peace building, environmental sustainability, ethical development, gender equality and the elimination of poverty. These two distinct sets of information are published on the IATI registry, respectively based on the IATI Activity Standard and the IATI Organization Standard. The main headquarters of UNESCO can be found in the French capital of Paris.  Namibia (Paris.) After complaints from the MET, the adverts were withdrawn. UNESCO was also responsible for the founding of OANA. Chapter IX Conventions and Recommendations, p. 135. [28] South Africa rejoined the organization in 1994 under the leadership of Nelson Mandela. The main outcome of the 1968 conference was the creation of UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Programme. Purpose and Scope. UNESCO stands for United Nations Education Social and Cultural Organization. This decision is more than an insult to the families of those Cubans who were lined up and summarily executed by Che and his merciless cronies but it also serves as a direct contradiction to the UNESCO ideals of encouraging peace and universal respect for human rights. It also elects members of the Executive Board, which manages UNESCO's work, and appoints every four years Director-General, who serves as UNESCO's chief administrator. [137] While the text acknowledged the "importance of the Old City of Jerusalem and its walls for the three monotheistic religions", it referred to the sacred hilltop compound in Jerusalem's Old City only by its Muslim name "Al-Haram al-Sharif", Arabic for Noble Sanctuary. The World Heritage Committee was established in 1976 and the first sites inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1978. UNESCO described the sites as significant to "people of the Muslim, Christian and Jewish traditions", and accused Israel of highlighting only the Jewish character of the sites. Thirty-third Session, Paris, 3–21 October 2005. 26 August 1980. [86] The UNESCO transparency portal[80] has been designed to enable public access to information regarding the Organization's activities, such as its aggregate budget for a biennium, as well as links to relevant programmatic and financial documents.  United Kingdom  United Kingdom, Brazil Paris, 20 July 1950. The meaning of the UNESCO is also explained earlier. UNESCO stands for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.  Gabon [48] The same year, UNESCO created the International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC), a multilateral forum designed to promote media development in developing countries. [135] The author of the exhibition, Professor Robert Wistrich of the Hebrew University's Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Anti-Semitism, called the cancellation an "appalling act", and characterized Bokova's decision as "an arbitrary act of total cynicism and, really, contempt for the Jewish people and its history". So, what does UNESCO stand for? Resolutions adopted by the General Conference during its second session, Mexico, November–December 1947. [130] 1. [139][140] The resolution was condemned by Ban Ki-moon and the Director-General of UNESCO, Irina Bokova, who said that Judaism, Islam and Christianity have clear historical connections to Jerusalem and "to deny, conceal or erase any of the Jewish, Christian or Muslim traditions undermines the integrity of the site. [150], In 2012, UNESCO decided to establish a chair at the Islamic University of Gaza in the field of astronomy, astrophysics, and space sciences,[151] fueling controversy and criticism. 20 C/Resolutions. For the World Heritage emblems and the related linked logos, the project has to be of direct relevance for the World Heritage Convention. The event was scheduled to run from 21 January through 30 January in Paris. – The Huffington Post, https://borgenproject.org/wp-content/uploads/The_Borgen_Project_Logo_small.jpg, Locally Grown Produce Can Help Prevent Hunger in Guadeloupe. [166], On 25 May 2016, the noted Turkish poet and human rights activist Zülfü Livaneli resigned as Turkey's only UNESCO goodwill ambassador. UNESCO and many of its partners from a variety of backgrounds will organise face-to-face and group coaching sessions in the Marketplace area (Salles Miró). UNESDOC database", "UNESCO. The journal ceased publication in 1992. [24][25], Among the major achievements of the organization is its work against racism, for example through influential statements on race starting with a declaration of anthropologists (among them was Claude Lévi-Strauss) and other scientists in 1950[26] and concluding with the 1978 Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice. Israel in turn accused UNESCO of "detach[ing] the Nation of Israel from its heritage", and accused it of being politically motivated. Paris, 17 October 2003. Its architect was Marcel Breuer. UNESCO sponsors projects that improve literacy, provide technical training and education, advance science, protect independent media and press freedom, preserve regional and cultural history, and promote cultural diversity. The ISIS_DLL provides an API for developing CDS/ISIS based applications. The organization UNESCO is a crucial part of any discussion of peace and unity among foreign powers.  Pakistan DW looks at some of the other things UNESCO does. [103] UNESCO state parties are the United Nations member states (except Liechtenstein, United States[104] and Israel[105]), as well as Cook Islands, Niue and Palestine. Qatar, the Philippines, and Iran are proposing for a Director-General bid by 2021 or 2025. Washington, DC, 5–8 September 1978. 32 C/Resolution 32. ED.51/VIII.A.  Italy Bokova cancelled the event after representatives of Arab states at UNESCO argued that its display would "harm the peace process". Executive Board, 26th Session. [171], In November 2020 part of a UNESCO advertising campaign intended to highlight international trafficking in looted artefacts had to be withdrawn, after it falsely presented a series of museum-held artworks with known provenances as recently looted objects held in private collections. The reasons for the withdrawal of the United States from UNESCO in 1984 are well-known; my view is that we overreacted to the calls of some who wanted to radicalize UNESCO, and the calls of others who wanted the United States to lead in emasculating the UN system.  Mexico Resolution 3.4.1, p. 17. Politics, Government, Development. The Haiti pilot project: phase one, 1947–1949.    Nepal The International Institute for Intellectual Cooperation (IIIC) was then created in Paris in September 1924, to act as the executing agency for the ICIC. 10 53113 Bonn Germany Tel: +49 (0) 228 815 01 00 Fax: +49 (0) 228 815 01 99 www.unevoc.unesco.org unevoc@unesco.org. In 1948, UNESCO recommended that Member States should make free primary education compulsory and universal.  Indonesia An intergovernmental meeting of UNESCO in Paris in December 1951 led to the creation of the European Council for Nuclear Research, which was responsible for establishing the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)[42] later on, in 1954. The current Director General is Audrey Azoulay from France. 33 C/Resolution 41. For UNESCO we have found 50 definitions. Political and economic arrangements of governments are not enough to secure the lasting and sincere support of the peoples. What does UNESCO stand for in terms of forming global alliances? UNESCO. Resolutions and decisions adopted by the Executive Board at its twenty-sixth session. [148] Israel praised the withdrawal decision as "brave" and "moral". Since March 2006 it has been available online, with limited printed issues. The UNESCO Courier magazine states its mission to "promote UNESCO's ideals, maintain a platform for the dialogue between cultures and provide a forum for international debate". [132][133], On 28 June 2011, UNESCO's World Heritage Committee, at Jordan's insistence, censured[clarification needed] Israel's decision to demolish and rebuild the Mughrabi Gate Bridge in Jerusalem for safety reasons. Paris, 27 July 1951. UNESDOC database", "UNESCO. General Conference, 19th Session. UNESCO implements its activities through the five program areas: education, natural sciences, social and human sciences, culture, and communication and information.  Saint Kitts and Nevis UNESCO’s extensive reach allows it to have a considerable influence on global issues, namely global poverty. 4. [170] Neither has prevailed persuaisvely in academia, though cultural nationalism is campaigned most prominently. UNESDOC database", "UNESCO. Israel bombed the school in 2008 stating that they develop and store weapons there, which Israel restated in criticizing UNESCO's move. Volume I: Resolutions. Chapter IV Programme for 2004–2005, Major Programme IV – Culture, p. 53. Records of the General Conference. Education for All: meeting our collective commitments (including six regional frameworks for action). [61] In 2019, Israel left UNESCO after 69 years of membership, with Israel's ambassador to the UN Danny Danon writing: "UNESCO is the body that continually rewrites history, including by erasing the Jewish connection to Jerusalem... it is corrupted and manipulated by Israel's enemies... we are not going to be a member of an organisation that deliberately acts against us".[62]. For rules concerning the UNESCO logo, please click here. The organization’s ultimate goals in protecting these sites are encouraging peacefulness in the present and contributing to these sites’ posterity. Unesco House, 9–13 April 1956. 42 EX/43. United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO (noun) an agency of the United Nations that promotes education and communication and the arts [136], On 1 January 2019, Israel formally left UNESCO in pursuance of the US withdrawal over the perceived continuous anti-Israel bias.  Nigeria, The UNESCO headquarters, the World Heritage Centre, is located at Place de Fontenoy in Paris, France. (UNESCO) Stands for United National Educational Scientific and cultural Organizational. (1980). In 1994–1995, in memory of the 50th anniversary of the UNESCO, a meditation room was built by Tadao Ando[118]. In 1968, UNESCO organized the first intergovernmental conference aimed at reconciling the environment and development, a problem that continues to be addressed in the field of sustainable development. 4 (Oct., 1986), pp. [144] On 26 October, UNESCO approved a reviewed version of the resolution, which also criticized Israel for its continuous "refusal to let the body's experts access Jerusalem's holy sites to determine their conservation status". Qatar and Iran, on the other hand, have fragmented support in the Middle East. UNESCO/SS/1.  Papua New Guinea 4. UNESCO was founded in 1945 as the successor to the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation. Paris, 16 November 1972. [29][30], UNESCO's early work in the field of education included the pilot project on fundamental education in the Marbial Valley, Haiti, started in 1947. UNESCO has official relations with 322 international non-governmental organizations (NGOs). UNESDOC database", "UNESCO.  Vietnam, Cameroon The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO[1] French: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialised agency of the United Nations (UN) aimed at promoting world peace and security through international cooperation in education, the sciences, and culture. The Department of State cited "mounting arrears at UNESCO, the need for fundamental reform in the organization, and continuing anti-Israel bias at UNESCO". The acronym UNESCO stands for United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. UNESCO for over 75 years of its existence has contributed immensely in its are of expertise I.e. UNESCO - Stands for United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organistaions. The Dakar Framework for Action.  Uganda, Austria [128] In its very name, it thus represents its mission, namely to anchor peace in the world by initiating global educational processes and, in parallel, by promoting science and culture. UNESDOC database", "UNDP, UNESCO, UNICEF, and The World Bank. On 30 October 1943, the necessity for an international organization was expressed in the Moscow Declaration, agreed upon by China, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the USSR. There has been no elected UNESCO Director-General from Southeast Asia, South Asia, Central and North Asia, Middle East, North Africa, East Africa, Central Africa, South Africa, Australia-Oceania, and South America since inception. [10] UNESCO has launched several initiatives and global movements, such as Education For All, to further advance its core objectives. Executive Board, 42nd Session. The adverts claimed that a head of Buddha in the Metropolitan Museum's collection since 1930 had been looted from Kabul Museum in 2001 and then smuggled into the US art market; that a funerary monument from Palmyra that the MET had acquired in 1901 had been recently looted from the Palmyra Museum by Islamic State militants and then smuggled into the European antiquities market, and that an Ivory Coast mask with a provenance that indicates it was in the US by 1954 was looted during armed clashes in 2010–2011. However, few people know the mission of this global organization, let alone its role in decreasing global poverty. [32] The Directors-General of UNESCO came from West Europe (5), Central America (1), North America (2), West Africa (1), East Asia (1), and East Europe (1). (1955). [31] Possible UNESCO meaning as an acronym, abbreviation, shorthand or slang term vary from category to category. These politicized and one-sided resolutions are damaging the credibility of UNESCO. Peace must be built upon the intellectual and moral solidarity of humanity.In this spirit, UNESCO develops educational tools to help people live as global citizens free of hate and intolerance. UNESCO. IDIS – a tool for direct data exchange between CDS/ISIS and IDAMS, This page was last edited on 6 April 2021, at 12:37. One peace promotion and cultural inclusion strategy that UNESCO uses is funding and protecting World Heritage Sites. UNESCO does not accredit institutions of higher learning.[63].  Dominican Republic Report of the mission to Afghanistan. Till now you might have got some idea about the acronym, abbreviation or meaning of UNESCO UNESCO awards 22 prizes[99] in education, science, culture and peace: International Days observed at UNESCO is provided in the table given below:[100], As of January 2019, UNESCO has 193 member states and 11 associate members. 2. [12][13] This new body, the International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation (ICIC) was created in 1922[14] and counted such figures as Henri Bergson, Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Robert A. Millikan, and Gonzague de Reynold among its members (being thus a small commission of the League of Nations essentially centered on Western Europe[15]). 19 C/5, p. 332, paragraphs 4154 and 4155. [38] The U.N. hopes to fulfill them by 2030. In 1956, the Republic of South Africa withdrew from UNESCO saying that some of the organization's publications amounted to "interference" in the country's "racial problems". UNESDOC database", "Constitution of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization", "UNESCO. International Organizations as Teachers of Norms: The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cutural Organization and Science Policy. Ibero-American Networks in the Committee on Intellectual Cooperation of the League of Nations (1922–1939)", The work of U.N.E.S.C.O. Paris, 9 November 1955. This project was followed by expert missions to other countries, including, for example, a mission to Afghanistan in 1949. Third Session.  Gambia education, sciences ( natural sciences and social and human sciences, culture and communication.  Ghana  Senegal (1951). The ASEAN bloc and some Pacific and Latin American nations support the possible bid of the Philippines, which is culturally Asian, Oceanic, and Latin. Based in Paris, UNESCO is a specialized agency of the United Nations focused on building peace through educational, scientific and cultural initiatives. UNESCO: Paris. Conference for the Establishment of an Educational and Cultural Organisation", "Records of the General Conference, Eighth Session", "Peacekeeping in the Cold War/Post-Cold War", "UNESCO. [134], In January 2014, days before it was scheduled to open, UNESCO Director-General, Irina Bokova, "indefinitely postponed" and effectively cancelled an exhibit created by the Simon Wiesenthal Center entitled "The People, The Book, The Land: The 3,500-year relationship between the Jewish people and the Land of Israel". UNESDOC database", "UNESCO. Many voices, one world: towards a new, more just, and more efficient world information and communication order. Headquartered in Paris, France, UNESCO has 5… (1979). ===By What Does ____ Stand For?Like and subscribe for more acronyms and abbreviations. Please look for them carefully. The purpose of the campaign was to move the Great Temple of Abu Simbel to keep it from being swamped by the Nile after the construction of the Aswan Dam. An expert cited by UNESCO as attributing the 10 billion figure denied it and said he had "no idea" where the figure came from. In addition to providing resource-poor areas with necessities, UNESCO promotes a “culture of peace.” In order to establish this culture, the organization pushes for international cooperation through Water for Peace programs as well as geopark and biosphere reserve management. Report of the Director-General on the Activities of the Organization (March–November 1955).  Ivory Coast  North Macedonia, Afghanistan UNESCO also issues public statements to educate the public: Designating projects and places of cultural and scientific significance, such as: Encouraging the "free flow of ideas by images and words" by: Promoting universal access to and preservation of information and open solutions for sustainable development through the Knowledge Societies Division, Generating knowledge through publications such as, UNESCO/Emir Jaber al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah Prize to promote Quality Education for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities, UNESCO/Hamdan Bin Rashid Al-Maktoum Prize for Outstanding Practice and Performance in Enhancing the Effectiveness of Teachers, Great Man-Made River International Water Prize for Water Resources in Arid Zones presented by UNESCO (title to be reconsidered), Michel Batisse Award for Biosphere Reserve Management, UNESCO/Juan Bosch Prize for the Promotion of Social Science Research in Latin America and the Caribbean, Melina Mercouri International Prize for the Safeguarding and Management of Cultural Landscapes (UNESCO-Greece), IPDC-UNESCO Prize for Rural Communication, UNESCO/Obiang Nguema Mbasogo International Prize for Research in the Life Sciences (inactive since 2010), UNESCO Prize for the Promotion of the Arts. UNESCO started organizing training and education for journalists in the 1950s. US Congresswoman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen condemned this decision, saying that the organization acts against its own ideals:[159]. The original package was proprietary but UNESCO has initiated a project to provide it as open-source. [34] Ten years later, the 2000 World Education Forum held in Dakar, Senegal, led member governments to commit to achieving basic education for all by 2015.[35]. The Windows version may run on a single computer or in a local area network. UNESCO has the final authority to give permission for their usage. UNESCO's Structure Today . The list of the Directors-General of UNESCO since its establishment in 1946 is as follows:[109], This is the list of the sessions of the UNESCO General Conference held since 1946:[110], France (7 June to 9 July 1951). [16]However, the onset of World War II largely interrupted the work of these predecessor organizations. UNESDOC database", "Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. [129] UNESCO/MC/PT.1. In 2010, Israel designated the Cave of the Patriarchs, Hebron and Rachel's Tomb, Bethlehem as National Heritage Sites and announced restoration work, prompting criticism from the Obama administration and protests from Palestinians. UNESDOC database", "Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. It has 193 member states and 11 associate members, as well as partners in the nongovernmental, intergovernmental, and private sector. It is created in 1946 to promote security … According to the organization’s official website, it is responsible for fostering transnational ties in the areas of scientific advancements, equality in education, cultural development and freedom of expression. UNESCO. John Henry Merryman ‘Two Ways of Thinking About Cultural Property’, The American Journal of International Law Vol.  South Korea In 1970, UNSECO pioneered and documented a new national approach, where the importation of illicit cultural objects, for example, the results of plundered territories or invaded land (see James Cook & The Gweagal Shield; Elgin Marbles) should be prevented.  South Africa, Argentina The UNESCO 1970 Convention marked a move towards cultural nationalism. Israel stated that Jordan had signed an agreement with Israel stipulating that the existing bridge must be dismantled for safety reasons; Jordan disputed the agreement, saying that it was only signed under U.S. pressure.  Mauritius [125] Following a change of government in 1997, the UK rejoined. UNESDOC database", "MacBride, S. (1980). These goals prioritize the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger, education reform, women’s empowerment, environmental sustainability and several economic growth initiatives. UNESCO is governed by the General Conference, composed of member states and associate members, which meets biannually to set the agency's programmes and the budget.  India In response, Israel denounced the UNESCO resolution for its omission of the words "Temple Mount" or "Har HaBayit", stating that it denies Jewish ties to the key holy site.